Correlational findings

Study Phillips & Clancy (1972): study US New England 1967

21+ aged , general public, eastern states, USA, 196?
N = 404
Non Response
Interview: Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI)


Authors's Label
Happiness of Interviewer
Our Classification
25 white female interviewers. All were high-school graduates, between the ages of 25 and 49, who had at least one year of experience as marketing and public opinion research interviewers. Interviewers answered this question, ostentibly in the context of a training excercise. Later they asked the same question to respondents in telephone interviews
Self report on a single question:
Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are:
3: Very happy
2: Pretty happy
1: Not too happy

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad Q = +.17 Happiness of interviewers by happiness of respondents

Years of education respondents:
- 1-11:   Q = +.24
- 12-15:  Q = -.12
- 16+:    Q = +.42

Modelling effects (projection by interviewer of own characteristics on responden) appear even in telephonic interview. The effect on happiness rating is, but strongest for the highest educated respondents.