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Correlational findings

Study Tiggemann & Winefield (1980): study AU 1978

Public:
School-leavers, South Australia, followed 1978-1979
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 118
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Part 1: November 1978 ((before leaving school) asking for: background information, attitudes to and expectation of employment and including various psychological scales. Questionnaire administered in class. Part 2: June 1979: (after leaving school at the end of the 1978 academic year) asking for employment history and containing the same psychological measures. Mailed questionnaire.

Correlate

Authors's label
Employed vs Unemployed
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: unemployed
1: employed

Assessed at T2

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-g-sq-v-4-h DMe = + ns T1  happiness (when still in school) by T2 employment          
                   Me
0: unemployed      3,0  
1: employed        3,2
-difference       +0,2
M-TH-g-sq-v-4-h DMe = + p < .001 T2 happiness by T2 employment (half year after leaving school)           
                   Me
0: unemployed      2,7
1: employed        3,3
-difference       +0,6
M-TH-g-sq-v-4-h DMe = T1-T2 CHANGE HAPPINESS by T2 employment

                          Unemployed  Employed
T1 happiness:      Me =    3,0        3,2
T2 happiness:      Me =    2,7        3,3
- difference              -0,3       +0,1