Correlational findings

Study VanHoof & Raaijmakers (2002): study NL 1997

12-21 aged, secondary schools, The Netherlands, 1997?
N = 294
Non Response:
not reported
Questionnaire: paper


Authors's label
Vertical spatial integration (Vertical integration)
Our Classification
Vertical integration refers to the extent to which a person's overall identity is associated with each of that person's context-specific identities. Calculated by determining the mean of all correlations between the 'general identity' of the adolescents and their 'context-specific identities'.

Assessed using self-report on questions concerning the extent to which individuals incorporate their particular context-specific identities.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r = +.22 p < .05 Early adolescents, age 12-16 low school level C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a Beta = +.13 ns C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r = +.53 p < .001 Early adolescents, age 12-15 high level school C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a Beta = +.55 p < .001 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r = +.34 p < .001 Late adolescents, age 17-21, high school level C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a Beta = +.31 p < .01 Beta's controled for:
- exploration concerning school
- commitment concerning school