Correlational findings

Study Lewis et al. (1999a): study GB 1999

Students, Northern Ireland and England, 1999
N =
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire completed in class


Authors's Label
Our Classification
Self- report on 21 items
a: I am sad
b: I am afraid of the future
c: I failed as a person
d: I am not happy
e: I feel guilty
f: I have being punished
g: I feel disapointed
h: I am a bad person
i: I think often over a suicide
j: I am crying very often
k: I feel get annoyed
l: I have lack of interest in other persons
m: I have lack of dississsion
n: I am not good-looking
o: I dislike work
p: I sleep not well
q: I am fatigue
r: I have a lack of appetite
s: Ihave lost weight
t: I am afraid of my health
u: I have lack of interst in sex

0: Never
1: Rarely
2: Sometimes
3: Often

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-a = All                M = 48.04   SD = 10.75
Depressed          M = 37.68   SD = 10.07

The cutt-off point for clinically relevant depression of score 10 on the BDI corresponds with score 42 on this happiness scale (McGreal 'Depression- Happiness Scale')