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Correlational findings

Study Dykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990

Public:
70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 516
Non Response:
32%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews in 14 sessions that covered mental and physical health, psychological functioning and social and economic situation.

Correlate

Authors's label
Marital history/single after widowhood
Our Classification
Operationalization
0:  In first marriage (reference)
1:  Not in first mariage
    1a: In second or third marriage
    1b: Single, never married
    1c: Single, divorced
    1d: Single, after widowed
    1e: Single after several marriages

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a = SINGLE AFTER WIDOWHOOD (vs in first marriage) O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.34 p < .05 Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.73 p < .05 Females

B's controlled for:
-age
-parental history
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.35 p < .05 Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.74 p < .05 Females

B's additionally controlled for occupational history

Widowhood has more negative impact on women.