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Correlational findings

Study Dykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990

Public:
70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 516
Non Response:
32%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews in 14 sessions that covered mental and physical health, psychological functioning and social and economic situation.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Occupational history, upward mobility
Our Classification
Distribution
Men/Women
0: 25/35; 1a: 44/57; 1b: 31/8
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Difference in occupational prestige of first and last job.
0: No upward mobility (reference)
1: Upward mobility
   1a: Small upward mobility
   1b: Large upward mobility

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a = SMALL UPWARD MOBILITY (vs no upward mobility) O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.04 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.26 ns Females

B's controled for
-age
-parental history
-retirement career (exit age)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a = LARGE UPWARD MOBILITY 9vs no upward mobility) O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.03 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.07 ns Females

B's controled for
-age
-parental history
-retirement career (exit age)

Upward mobility has no impact on happiness of men, but a negative impact on happiness of women.