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Correlational findings

Study Dykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990

Public:
70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 516
Non Response:
32%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews in 14 sessions that covered mental and physical health, psychological functioning and social and economic situation.

Correlate

Authors's label
Retirement career (exit-age)
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: Retirement before 50
1: Retirement between 50 and 55
2: Retirement after 55 (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a = RETIREMENT BEFORE 50 (vs after age 50) O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.34 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.17 ns Females

B's controled for
-age
-parental history
-upward mobility
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a = RETIREMENT BETWEEN 50 and 55 (vs after age 55) O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.22 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.17 ns Females

B's controled for
-age
-parental history
-upward mobility

Early retirement has has a negative impact on happiness for men, but not for women.