print

Correlational findings

Study Dykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990

Public:
70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 516
Non Response:
32%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews in 14 sessions that covered mental and physical health, psychological functioning and social and economic situation.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Loss of children
Our Classification
Remarks
respondents who ever had children only
Distribution
0:  59 men and 48 women; 1a:15 men and 15 women
1b:  3 men and   7 women.
Related specification variables
Operationalization
0: Ever had children, all still alive  (reference)
1: Had, and lost, children
   1a: Lost children but not all
   1b: Lost all children

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a = LOST CHILDREN, BUT NOT ALL (vs. all still alive)) O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.09 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.09 ns Females

B's controled for age
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.07 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.14 ns Females

B's additionally controled for:
- marital history
- occupational history.
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a = LOST ALL CHILDREN (vs. all still alive) O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.24 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.25 ns Females

B controled for age
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.22 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.27 ns Females

B's additionally controled for:
- marital history
- occupational history.

Loss of children has a negative impact on happiness of older men, but not of happiness of older women.