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Correlational findings

Study Dykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990

Public:
70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 516
Non Response:
32%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews in 14 sessions that covered mental and physical health, psychological functioning and social and economic situation.

Correlate

Authors's label
Loss of children
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: Ever had children, all still alive  (reference)
1: Had, and lost, children
   1a: Lost children but not all
   1b: Lost all children

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a = LOST CHILDREN, BUT NOT ALL (vs. all still alive)) O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.09 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.09 ns Females

B's controled for age
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.07 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.14 ns Females

B's additionally controled for:
- marital history
- occupational history.
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a = LOST ALL CHILDREN (vs. all still alive) O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.24 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.25 ns Females

B controled for age
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = -.22 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a b = +.27 ns Females

B's additionally controled for:
- marital history
- occupational history.

Loss of children has a negative impact on happiness of older men, but not of happiness of older women.