Correlational findings

Study Rafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995

Remitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
N = 40
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Our Classification
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), subscale Autonomy
Patients: M=  7,5; SD=4,1
Controls: M=10,8; SD=2,2
Selfreport on 11 questions:
a: My decisions are not usually influenced by what everyone else is doing
b: I have confidence in my opnions even if they are contrary to the general consensus
c: I have confidence in my own opnions, even if they are different from the way most other people think
d: I tend to worry about what other people think of me
e: I often change my mind about decisions if my friend or family disagree
f: I am not afraid to voice my opinions, even when they are in opposition to the opinions of most people
g: Being happy with myself is more important to me than having others approve of me
h: It's difficult for me to voice my opinions on controversal matters
i: I tend to be influenced by people with strong opinions
j: I judge myself by what I think is important, not by what others think is important
k: I judge myself by what I think is important, not by the values of what others think is important

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly disagree to 6= strongly agree)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-a r = +.01 ns remitted mental out-patients M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-a r = -.10 ns healthy control group