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Correlational findings

Study Holder et al. (2010): study CA 2005

Public:
8-12 aged children, 2 schools, Canada, 200?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 320
Non Response:
11
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Shyness
Our Classification
Operationalization
‘Tends to be shy’
Parents rating of the child on a 5-point scale ranging from 1 (not very typical/characteristic) to 5 (very typical/characteristic).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-a r = -.13 p < .05 Child'd rating of own happiness A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-a Beta = -.08 ns A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-a r = -.32 p < .05 Parents rating of childs happiness A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-a Beta = -.18 ns

Beta's controlled for childs:
- gender
- school
- other temperament traits
  - emotionality
  - sociability
  - activity
- spirituality
  - personal
  - communal  
  - environmental  
  - transcendental
  - spiritual practice/belief