Correlational findings

Study Baxter et al. (1917): study US 1915

Female college students, USA, 191?
N = 69
Non Response
Multiple assesment methods
Rating by peers and projective tests


Authors's Label
Promptness of plea- sant association
Our Classification
Each S was given 5 stimulus words in succession with the instruction to recall an unpleasant associated personal experience; then 5 words with the instruction to recall a pleasant idea. When a word had suggested an (un)pleasant idea the S rapped on the table. The intervals between giving the word and the S's rap were measured by a stopwatch.
Sixty stimulus words were used, thirty each for the pleasant and unpleasant recalls. The average reaction time for the pleasant experiences was divided by the average reaction time for the unpleasant experiences.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CP-g-rdp-v-2-a = + The results offer some confirmation of the idea that there is a positive correlation between a cheerful temperament and especially slow recall of unpleasant ideas.