Correlational findings

Study Block & Kremen (1996): study US 1990

18-aged, followed 5 years; Berkeley, USA, 19??-19??.
N = 95
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
at 18 years interviewed bij 4 examiners and 2 interviewers; at 23 years interviewed by a different set of 3 examiners and 3 interviewers.


Authors's label
ego- resilience
Our Classification
Ego-Resiliency Scale (ER89)
1. I am generous with my friends.
2. I quickly get over and recover from being startled.
3. I enjoy dealing with new and unusual situations.
4. I usually succeed in making a favorable impressoion on people.
5. I enjoy trying new foods I have never tasted before.
6. I am regarded as a very energetic person.
7. I like to take different paths to familiar places.
8. I am more curious than most people.
9. Most of the people I meet are likeable.
10. I usually think carefully about something before ascting.
11. I like tot do new and different things.
12. My daily life is full of things that keep me interested.
13. I would be willing to describe myself as a pretty "strong"personality.
14. I get over my anger at someone reasonably quickly.
Items are responded to using a 4-step continuum: 1: does not apply at all;
2: applies sligthly 3: applies somewat; 4: applies very strongly.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CP-g-rc-?-9-a rpc = +.43 p < .01 Women (N=49) A-CP-g-rc-?-9-a rpc = +.47 p < .01 Men (N=46)

rpc's controlled for intelligence as measured with WAIS