Correlational findings

Study Kamp Dush & Amato (2005): study US 1992

19+ aged, United States, 1992-97
N = 691
Non Response
not reported
Interview: Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI)


Authors's Label
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Rosenberg self-esteem scale (1965)
Selfreport on following items:
a:'I feel that I am a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others'
b:'I feel that I have a number of good qualities'
c:'All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure'
d:'I am able to do things as well as most other people'
e:'I feel I do not have much to be proud of'
f:'I take a positive attitude toward myself'
g:'On the whole, I am satisfied with myself'
h:'I wish I could have more respect for myself'
i:'I certainly feel useless at times'
j:'At times I think I am no good at all.

Rated on a 4-point numerical scale.
For items a,b,d,f and g:3=strongly agree to 0=strongly disagree; for items c,e,h,i,j:0=strongly agree to 3=strongly disagree.

Scale ranges from 0-30.(Larger values indicate a stronger agreement)
The mean of the items was used as the scale score.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-af r = +.34 p < .05