Correlational findings

Study Naess et al. (2004): study NO Nord-Trøndelag 1984

20-90 aged, general public, Nord-Trondelag, Norway followed 1 year, 1985-1996
N = 65599
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Participants were invited for a medical screening and answered questionnaire 1 onsite and were given questionaire 2 when having the site. Questionaire 1 (1984) included questions on several diseases aand impairment, self- assessed health, and overall life satisfaction. Questionaire 2 (1995) The participant received a second questionaire with a prepaid, adressed envelope. Its contained a total of 42 questions covering several issues, including physicall and mental health and psychological well- being.


Authors's Label
Cheerfulness over time
Our Classification
Assessed at T1 (1984-86) and T2 (1995-97); average 11 years difference
Selfreport on single question:
Would you say you are usually cheerful or dejected?
1  extremely dejected
2  dejected
3  quite dejected
4  both dejected and cheerful
5  quite cheerful
6  very cheerful
7  extremely cheerful

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-g-sq-v-7-a r = +.39 T1 retest A-AOL-g-sq-v-7-a ES = +.18 T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness
Cheerfulness increased slightly