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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (2008b): study ZZ 1995

Public:
Adults, general public, 98 nations, 2000s
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 150000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Corruption
Our Classification
Operationalization
Combined surveys on perceived abuse of public office for private gain, for example, on bribe-taking by public officials in public procurement. The sources do not distinguish between administrative and political corruption.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = -.56 Average happiness by corruption in 62 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.03 rpc controlled by purchasing power per head