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Correlational findings

Study Michalos & Zumbo (2001): study CA Prince George 1999

Public:
Adults, general public, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1998
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 743
Non Response:
70%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's label
Xenophopia
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on 5 questions
a. People with different cultural or ethnic background from yours often offend or insult you without knowing it.
b. People with different cultural or ethnic background from yours often offend you intentionally.
c. People with different cultural or ethnic background from yours often make you feel physically insecure or unsafe.
d. You have actually been physically attacked or abused by someone because of your cultural or ethnic background,
e. If it were possible, you would avoid any contacts with people who have different cultural or ethnic background from yours.

For each item a score of '1' would mean that diffent background is NOT perceived as threatening and potentially hurtful; a score of 5 would mean that diffent background IS perceived as threatening and potentially hurtful.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-7-f Beta = -.18 O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-f Beta = -.12 O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-b Beta = -.11 Beta's controlled for perceived fair treatment in local communirty of one self.