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Correlational findings

Study Hofoss (2004): study NO 1984

Public:
25 -50 aged physically handicapped, Norway, 1984-1986
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5572
Non Response:
11,9%
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Mailed questionnaire and health check

Correlate

Authors's label
Lifestyle
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 health-related behaviors:
(a) no daily smoking - as opposed to smoking every day
(b) temperate use of alcohol - as opposed to having tasted alcohole more than five times during the last 14 days or being a teetotaller
(c) engaging in some sort of exercising - as opposed to reporting never doing so
(d) no overeating, that is, not being very much overweiht - as opposed to having a BMI of above 30

Respondents were dichotomised by life-style into those entertaining
0 two or fewer of these four healthy habits
1 three or four healthy habits

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-c D% = + SMALL HANDICAPPED
                      %satisfied %not satisfied
0 unhealthy lifestyle 63,83      36,17
1 healthy lifestyle   69,63      30,37
  difference         + 5,80     - 5,80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-c OR = 1.30 CI95%[1.10-1.54] O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-c DM = + MEDIUM/LARGE HANDICAPPED
                      %satisfied %not satisfied
0 unhealthy lifestyle 52,83      47,17
1 healthy lifestyle   61,72      38,28
  difference         + 8,89     - 8,89
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-c OR = 1.44 CI95% [1.19-1.74] O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-c LRCD = ns lgt controlled for:
- education
- occupational employment
- married or cohabiting
- degree of handicap
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-c LRCD = Best fitting model does not suggest that being handicapped leads to an unhealthy lifestyle and improves happiness in that way