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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (2007f): study ZZ 1990

Public:
Adults, general public, 96 nations, 1990s
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Absence of corruption
Our Classification
Remarks
Combined surveys on perceived abuse of public office for private gain, for example, on bribe-taking by public officials in public procurement. The sources do not distinguish between administrative and political corruption.
Operationalization
Corruption Perception Index (CPI)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLV-*-sq-nt-11-a r = +.60 Average happiness by absence of corruption in 58 nations