Study Sheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994 /2
- 18+ aged, students followed 3 months, USA, 199?
- N = 73
- Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
T1, T6, T11: take-home pakets of questionnaires T2-T5, T7-T10: in-class questionnaires
- Authors's Label
- Semester effort
- Our Classification
- Error Estimates
- α = .75
- T2-T5 + T7-T10: Assessed 8 times during 3 month semester
- M=4.32, SD=.96
- At the beginning of the semester participants named 3 goals "that we think about, plan for, carry out, and sometimes (though not always) complete or succeed at"
8 times during semester participants answered for all 3 goals the question "How hard are you trying in pursuing this striving?"
Rated 1 (not at all hard) to 7 (very hard)
semester effort variable was formed by averaging the 12 ratings
Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness assessed at T1: at beginning of semester, T6: 6 weeks later, T11: another 6 weeks later