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Correlational findings

Study Sheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994 /1

Public:
18+ aged, students USA, followed 3 months,199?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 152
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
T1 + T5: in-class questionnaires T2 - T4: questionnaires within lab sessions

Correlate

Authors's label
Need satisfaction
Our Classification
Operationalization
T1 BASELINE NEED SATISFACTION
Selfreport on 3 questions: "the extent to which you are having this type of experiences in your life, at present:
- feeling generally competent and able in what I attempt
- feeling generally autonomous and choiceful in what I do
- feeling generally related and connected to the people I spend time with"

Rated 1 (very little) to 7 (very much)

To form a composite score the ratings were summed


T2-T4 SEMESTER NEED SATISFACTION
Participants free listed the three activities, respectively social contacts, they had spent the most time performing during the preceding 24hr, excluding eating or sleeping

Rated feelings of competence, autonomy and relatedness while doing each activity using a 1 (not at all competent) to 7 (very competent) scale

competence and relatedness composite scores were formed by averaging the ratings, respectively.

autonomy composite score was formed by summing average identified and intrinsic ratings and subtrating average external and introjected ratings.

to form a composite score the composite scores for competence, autonmomy and relatedness were summed.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO-cm-mq-v*-12-a Chi² = 2.83 p < .05 Happiness assessed at: T1: at beginning of semester, T5: 3 months later