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Correlational findings

Study Sheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994 /1

Public:
18+ aged, students USA, followed 3 months,199?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 152
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
T1 + T5: in-class questionnaires T2 - T4: questionnaires within lab sessions

Correlate

Authors's label
Relatedness need satisfaction
Our Classification
Operationalization
T1 RELATEDNESS AUTONOMY-NEED SATISFACTION
Selfreport on sigle question: "the extent to which you are having this type of experiences in your life, at present:
- feeling generally related and connected to the people I spend time with"

Rated 1 (very little) to 7 (very much)

T2-T4 SEMESTER RELATEDNESS-NEED SATISFACTION
Participants free listed the three most time consuming social contacts during the preceding 24hr

Answered for each contact the question  "To what extent did you feel related and connected to the person(s) you were interacting with?"

Rated on 1 (not at all) to 7 (very much)

to form a composite score the nine ratings were averaged

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO-cm-mq-v*-12-a r = +.51 p < .05 T1 happiness and T1 feeling of relatedness M-AO-cm-mq-v*-12-a r = +.34 p < .05 T5 happiness and T1 feeling of relatedness M-AO-cm-mq-v*-12-a Beta = +.34 p < .05 T1 happiness by T1 feeling of relatedness
Beta controlled for:
- T1 competence
- T1 autonomy
- T1 relatedness
M-AO-cm-mq-v*-12-a r = +.38 p < .05 T1 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feelings of relatedness M-AO-cm-mq-v*-12-a r = +.45 p < .05 T5 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feelings of relatedness M-AO-cm-mq-v*-12-a Beta = +.16 p < .05 T5 happiness by T2-T4 averaged feelings of relatedness
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)
- semester competence
- semester autonomy

T1 feelings of relatedness do not predict later change in happiness


Happiness assessed at: T1: at beginning of semester, T5: 3 months later