Correlational findings

Study Sheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994

18+ aged, students USA, followed 3 months,199?
N = 169
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
T1+T5: in-class questionnaires T2-T4: questionnaires within lab-sessions


Authors's label
Semester attainment
Our Classification
At beginning of semester subjects listed 10 things they would be "typically or characteristically trying to do in daily life"

3 times during semester participants answered for all 10 goals the question "How well are you doing?"

Rated 1 (not well at all) to 9 (very well)

semester attainment variable was formed by averaging the 30 ratings

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO-cm-mq-vt-7-a r = +.48 p < .05 T1 happiness by T2-T4 attainment M-AO-cm-mq-vt-7-a r = +.57 p < .05 T5 happiness by T2-T4 attainment M-AO-cm-mq-vt-7-a Beta = +.34 p < .01 Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indication T2-T4 change in happiness)
- self-concordance
- interaction between self-concordance and semester attainment

Happiness assessed at: T1: at beginning of semester, T5: 3 month later