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Correlational findings

Study Sheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001

Public
University students, USA and Singapore, 200?
Sample
Respondents
N = 533
Non Response
6%
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper
!! USA: web-based, Singapore: paper-an-pencil

Correlate

Authors's Label
goal-progress
Our Classification
Distribution
All M = 3.90, SD = .71; USA M = 4.74;  Singapore M = 3.28
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question "How well I have done in the past"
Rated 1 (not alt all) to 5 (very much)

Ratings were based on either a single (USA) or four (Singapore) important self-generated personal goal, in last case the ratings were averaged

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO-*-mq-*-7-a Beta = +.43 p < .01 Beta controlled for
- self-concordance (selfrated reasons for striving)
M-AO-*-mq-*-7-a Beta = +.08 p < .01 Beta controlled for
- cultural membership
- gender
- competence need (self rated satisfaction)
- neuroticism
- self esteem
- social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with overall social support)
M-AO-*-mq-*-7-a Beta = +.08 p < .05 USA M-AO-*-mq-*-7-a Beta = +.05 ns Singapore

Beta's controlled for
- gender
- competence need satisfaction
- neuroticism
- self-esteem
- social support