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Correlational findings

Study Sheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001

Public:
University students, USA and Singapore, 200?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 533
Non Response:
6%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
!! USA: web-based, Singapore: paper-an-pencil

Correlate

Authors's label
competence need satisfaction
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions about their feeling of competence in general, f.e.
- most days, I feel a sense of accomplishment from what I do
- that I was successfully completing difficult tasks and projects
- that I was taking on and mastering hard challenges
- very capable in what I did

Aggregate measures were computed by standardizing and averaging the twom measures

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO---mq-*-124-a Beta = +.26 p < .01 Entire sample

Beta controlled for
- autonomy need satisfaction
- competence need satisfaction
M-AO---mq-*-124-a Beta = +.30 p < .01 Beta controlled for
- cultural membership
- gender
- neuroticism
- goal progress (Selfreport on sucess at most important personal goals)
- self-esteem
- social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with overall social support)
M-AO---mq-*-124-a Beta = +.28 p < .01 USA M-AO---mq-*-124-a Beta = +.28 p < .01 Singapore

Beta's controlled for
- gender
- neuroticism
- goal progress
- self-esteem
- social support