print

Correlational findings

Study Sheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001

Public
University students, USA and Singapore, 200?
Sample
Respondents
N = 533
Non Response
6%
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper
!! USA: web-based, Singapore: paper-an-pencil

Correlate

Authors's Label
competence need satisfaction
Our Classification
Error Estimates
All α=. 79; USA α = .77; Singapore α = .73
Remarks
subscale of the Basic Psychological Needs scale (BPNS; Deci et al., 2001) with 7 items subscale of the need-satisfaction scale (Sheldon et al., 2001) with 3 items
Distribution
All M = 3.64, SD = .66; USA M = 3.77; Singapore M = 3.46
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions about their feeling of competence in general, f.e.
- most days, I feel a sense of accomplishment from what I do
- that I was successfully completing difficult tasks and projects
- that I was taking on and mastering hard challenges
- very capable in what I did

Aggregate measures were computed by standardizing and averaging the twom measures

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO-*-mq-*-7-a Beta = +.26 p < .01 Entire sample

Beta controlled for
- autonomy need satisfaction
- competence need satisfaction
M-AO-*-mq-*-7-a Beta = +.30 p < .01 Beta controlled for
- cultural membership
- gender
- neuroticism
- goal progress (Selfreport on sucess at most important personal goals)
- self-esteem
- social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with overall social support)
M-AO-*-mq-*-7-a Beta = +.28 p < .01 USA M-AO-*-mq-*-7-a Beta = +.28 p < .01 Singapore

Beta's controlled for
- gender
- neuroticism
- goal progress
- self-esteem
- social support