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Correlational findings

Study Sheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001

Public:
University students, USA and Singapore, 200?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 533
Non Response:
6%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
!! USA: web-based, Singapore: paper-an-pencil

Correlate

Authors's label
Neuroticism
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on the extent to which they agree on 5 questions, f.e.
- anxious, easily upset
- calm, emotionally stable

Rated 1 (disagree strongly) to 7 (agree strongly)

Measures of the two different scales were standardized and averaged

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO---mq-*-124-a Beta = -.43 p < .01 All
Beta controlled for
- Extraversion
- Agreeableness
- Conscienciousness
- Openness
M-AO---mq-*-124-a Beta = -.27 p < .01 Beta controlled for
- cultural membership
- gender
- competence need (self rated satisfaction)
- goal progress (Selfreport on sucess at most important personal goals)
- self-esteem
- social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with overall social support)
M-AO---mq-*-124-a Beta = -.34 p < .01 USA M-AO---mq-*-124-a Beta = -.15 p < .01 Singapore

Beta's controlled for
- gender
- competence need satisfaction
- goal progress
- self-esteem
- social support