Correlational findings

Study Maltby et al. (2005): study GB 2004

Students, United Kingdom, 2005
N = 244
Non Response
not reported
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Positive behavior
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach 's alpha for subscale: >0.93; Test retest reliability: >0.67
Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI; Subkoviak et al, 1995). The inventory measures non-dispositional forgiveness of another person for a specific transgressing. For subscale see J. Orathinkal et al., Further Validation of the Dutch Version of the Enright Forgiveness Inventory in: Community Mental Health Journal, 2007, Vol.43, 109-127
Selfreport on following questions.
When considering this person, how would you react or how are you reacting:
1. to show, him/her friendship
2. to help him /her
3. to be nice to him/her
4. to be thoughtful towards him/her
5. to open myself to him/her
6. to lend him/her support
7. to enter into a good relation with hem/her
8. to do him/her a favor
9. to help him/her with problems be present at his/her party.
Rated on a 6-point numerical scale of agreement-disagreement (larger values indicate a more forgiving response)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b r = +.31 p < .01 A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b Beta = +.25 ns Beta controlled for:
- Negative affect
- Negative cognition
- Negative behaviour
- Positive affect
- Positive cognition