Correlational findings

Study Maltby et al. (2005): study GB 2004

Students, United Kingdom, 2005
N = 244
Non Response
not reported
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Positive affect
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach 's alpha for subscale: >0.93; Test retest reliability: >0.67
Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI; Subkoviak et al, 1995). The inventory measures non-dispositional forgiveness of another person for a specific transgressing. For subscale see J. Orathinkal et al., Further Validation of the Dutch Version of the Enright Forgiveness Inventory in: Community Mental Health Journal, 2007, Vol.43, 109-127
Selfreport on following questions.
Indicate for every item a number that corresponds best with you current feeling.
1. I've got warm feelings towards hem/her
2. I've friendly feelings towards him/her
3. I've happy feelings towards him/her
4. I've got positive feelings towards him/her
5. I feel soft (tender) hearted towards him/her
6. I'm of good will towards him/her
7. I have caring feelings for him/her
8. I feel good with him/her
9. I've got affection for him/her
10.I've got friendly feelings towards him/her.
Rated on a 6-point numerical scale of agreement-disagreement (larger values indicate a more forgiving response)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b r = +.28 p < .01 A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b Beta = +.17 ns Beta controlled for:
- Negative affect
- Negative cognition
- Negative behaviour
- Positive cognition
- Positive behaviour