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Correlational findings

Study Laukka (2007): study SE 2006

Public:
65-75 aged, Sweden, 2006
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 280
Non Response:
43
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's label
Listening strategies
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreports of the relative frequency of reasons for listening to music

A Identy and agency
  It strengthens my self image
  To express my personality
  To shield out the world around me
  To strengthen self esteem
  It makes me feel competnt
  To gain control of sounds in my surroundings
  
B Mood regulation
  It evokes memories
  Music induces emotions
  To enhance positive moods
  To vent emotions
  To reflect on my life
  To feel akin to others

C Relaxation and company
  To get company/background music
  To forget about the present
  To stir up energy
  To relax and calm down
  To reduce feelings of loneliness

D Enjoyment
  For entertainment
  It gives me pleasure
  Interest in music itself
  Its beautiful

Rated:
1 very seldom
2
3
4
5
6 very often

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b r = .00 ns Identity and Agency A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b rpc = -.05 ns A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b Beta = -.03 ns A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b r = -.03 ns Mood regulation A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b rpc = -.11 ns A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b Beta = -.07 ns A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b r = -.14 p < .05 Relaxation and company A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b rpc = -.12 ns A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b Beta = -.1 ns A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b r = +.05 ns Enjoyment A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b rpc = -.09 ns A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b Beta = -.08 ns rpc's and beta's controlled for      
- Age
- Gender
- Education level
- Health status
- Activity level
- Personality
  - Extraversion
  - Agreeableness
  - Conscientiousness
  - Emotional Stability
  - Openess

N = 233 for correlations
N = 226 for partial correlations