- University students, Michigan, USA, 1994
- N = 200
- Non Response:
Questionnaire completed in class
- Authors's label
- Materialism as a personal trait
- Our Classification
- Materialism scale of Ger and Belk (1993), consists of 4 subscales:
possessiveness as the inclination and tendency to retain control or ownership of one's possessions.
Consists of 4 items, e.g. "I get very upset if something is stolen from me, even if it has little monetary value."
Nongenerosity as an unwillingness to give possessions to or share possessions with others.
Consists of 9 items, e.g. I don't like to lend things, evone to good friends."
Envy as a displeasure or ill will at the superiority of another perosn in happiness, success, reputation, or the possession of anything desirable.
Consists of 5 items, e.g. "there are certain people I would like to trade places with."
Preservation as the conservation of events, experiences, and memories in material form.
Consists of 3 items, e.g. "when I travel I like to take a lot of photographs."