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Correlational findings

Study Lee (2005): study HK 2001

Public:
60+ aged living alone, Hong Kong, 2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 109
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Life satisfaction
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on 13 questions. Typical items are:
A. I am just as happy as when I was younger.
B. These are the best years of my life.
D. This is the dreariest time of my life.
E. Most of the things I do are boring or monotonous.
F. Compared to other people, I get down in the dumps too often.
G. The things I do are as interesting to me as they ever were.
H. I have made plans for things I'll be doing a month or a year from now.
J. As I grow older, things seem better than I thought they would be.
M. As I look back on my life, I am fairly well satisfied.
O. I've gotten pretty much what I expected out of life.
P. When I think back over my life, I didn't get most of the important thngs I wanted.
Q. In spite of what people say, the lot of the average man is getting worse not better.
R. I have gotten more of the breaks in life than most of the people I know.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.61 p < .001 All (N=109) M-TH-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = +.29 Beta controled for:
- mental health
- No. of days in hospital
- self-esteem
- age
M-TH-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.70 p < .001 With children living in Hong Kong (N=58) M-TH-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = +.59 Beta controled for:
- self-esteem