Correlational findings

Study Lee (2005): study HK 2001

60+ aged living alone, Hong Kong, 2001
N =
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Life satisfaction
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Reliability 0,798
Life Satisfaction Index-Z, variant of Life Satisfaction Index A; originally developed by Neugarten et al.(1961) (LSIA), later simplified by Wood et al.(1969) The following items were deleted from the LSIA list: C. My life could be happier than it is now. I. Compared to other people my age, I make a good appearance. K. I expect some interesting and pleasant things to happen to me in the future. L. I feel old and somewhat tired. N. I would not change my past life even if I could. S. Compared to other people my age, I've made a lot of foolish decisions in my life. T. I feel my age, but it does not bother me.
M = 14,89 (SD = 2,90)  All (N=109)
M = 14,81 (SD = 3,04)  With children living in Hong Kong (N=58)
Self report on 13 questions. Typical items are:
A. I am just as happy as when I was younger.
B. These are the best years of my life.
D. This is the dreariest time of my life.
E. Most of the things I do are boring or monotonous.
F. Compared to other people, I get down in the dumps too often.
G. The things I do are as interesting to me as they ever were.
H. I have made plans for things I'll be doing a month or a year from now.
J. As I grow older, things seem better than I thought they would be.
M. As I look back on my life, I am fairly well satisfied.
O. I've gotten pretty much what I expected out of life.
P. When I think back over my life, I didn't get most of the important thngs I wanted.
Q. In spite of what people say, the lot of the average man is getting worse not better.
R. I have gotten more of the breaks in life than most of the people I know.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.61 p < .001 All (N=109) M-TH-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = +.29 Beta controled for:
- mental health
- No. of days in hospital
- self-esteem
- age
M-TH-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.70 p < .001 With children living in Hong Kong (N=58) M-TH-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = +.59 Beta controled for:
- self-esteem