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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven & Ouweneel (1995): study ZZ 1980

Public:
Adults, general public, 26 nations, around 1980
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 35000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
State-welfare-effort: expenditures
Our Classification
Operationalization
Social security expenditure in % of GDP (OECD)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW---sq-*-11-a r = +.90 ns Average Happiness by state-welfare (Social security expenditure) in 22 OECD nations O-SLW---sq-*-11-a rpc = -.23 ns rpc controlled for income per head