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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven & Ouweneel (1995): study ZZ 1980

Public:
Adults, general public, 26 nations, around 1980
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 35000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
State-welfare-effort: expenditures
Our Classification
Remarks
Source: OECD 1990, Social Expenditures 1960-1990
Operationalization
Social security expenditure in % of GDP (OECD)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-*-sq-*-11-a r = +.90 ns Cross-national Average Happiness by state-welfare (Social security expenditure) in 22 OECD nations O-SLW-*-sq-*-11-a rpc = -.23 ns Cross-national rpc controlled for income per head