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Correlational findings

Study Booth & VanOurs (2009): study AU 2001

Public:
Couples, Australia, followed 4 years 2001-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 8170
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Current employment status
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: No job
1: Part-time job= < 35 hours a week
2: Full-time job = >= 35 hours a week

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a DM = ALL (correlation with couple's average happiness)
              M     SD    N
0: No job     7,89  0,24  3114
1: Part-time  8,04  0,11  3617
2: Full-time  7,93  0,01  9603
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a BMCT = p < .05 1<3<2 O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = + ns Wife works part-time (vs no job)    (+.03) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = - ns Wife works full time (vs no job)    (-.15) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = + ns Husband works part-time (vs no job) (+.19) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = + p < .05 Husband works full time (vs no job) (+.30) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a DM = WIVES ONLY
              M     SD   CI95         N
0: No job     8,03  1,62 [7,96;8,09]  2384
1: Part-time  8,10  1,27 [8,05;8,17]  3033
2: Full-time  7,95  1,34 [7,96;8,09]  2751

Calculated from table 1
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a BMCT = p < .05 3<1,2 O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = - ns Wife works part-time (vs no job)    (-.04) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = - ns Wife works full-time (vs no job)    (-.26) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = + ns Husband works part-time (vs no job) (+.09) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = + p < .10 Husband works full-time (vs no job) (+.20) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a DM = HUSBANDS ONLY
              M    SD    CI95        N
0: No job     7,43 1,92 [7,29;7,57]  731
1: Part-time  7,81 1,47 [7,69;7,93]  583
2: Full-time  7,92 1,32 [7,89,7,95]  6854

Calculated from table 1
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a BMCT = p < .05 1<2<3 O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = + ns Wife works part-time (vs no job)    (+.02) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = + ns Husband works part-time (vs no job) (+.02) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = - ns Wife works full-time (vs no job)    (-.07) O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a OLRC = - ns Husband works full-time (vs no job) (-.07)

OLCR's controlled for:
- having children
- family income
- health of spouce
- own health


OLRC cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect size and denotes only relative differences
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-a = Fixed effect analysis yields similar results and this suggests that no other intervening variables are involved. (Fixed effect analysis uses person dummies to control for unobserved variables such as personality)