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Correlational findings

Study Steel & Ones (2002): study ZZ 1972

Public
Adult general public, 39 nations, 1972-1998
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
not reported
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face
And questionnaires.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Extraversion
Our Classification
Remarks
Assessed in the years 1992-2000 in various subgroups (e.g. college students) most of them not representative for the general population.
Distribution
M=45,11 SD=3,62
Operationalization
Extraversion as measured by the
NEO-PI-R five factor model

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AB-*-mq-nt-11-a r = +.70 p < .05 AVERAGE Extraversion by AVERAGE happiness (Affect) in 13 nations O-SLV-*-sq-nt-11-a r = +.48 p < .05 AVERAGE Extraversion by AVERAGE happiness (Life Satisfaction) in 16 nations O-HL-*-sq-nt-11-a r = +.44 p < .05 AVERAGE Extraversion by AVERAGE happiness (Happiness in Life) in 15 nations O-Sum-*-sq-nt-11-a r = +.47 p < .05 AVERAGE Extraversion by AVERAGE happiness (Overall Appraisal) in 16 nations