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Correlational findings

Study Casas et al. (2007): study ES 1999

Public
Adolescents, Spain 1999
Survey name
Unnamed study
Sample
Respondents
N = 2300
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper
Pupils: questionnaire administrated in class Parents: questionnaire completed at home (brought and returned by child in sealed envelope)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Perceived social support
Our Classification
Remarks
Vaux et al. (1986) Social Support Appraisals (SSA).
Operationalization
Selfreport on 23 questions.
Rated: strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-a r = .40 p < .0005 Family social support O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-a r = +.22 p < .0005 Friends social support O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-a r = -06 p < .037 Lack of social support