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Correlational findings

Study Casas et al. (2007): study ES 1999

Public
Adolescents, Spain 1999
Survey name
Unnamed study
Sample
Respondents
N = 2300
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper
Pupils: questionnaire administrated in class Parents: questionnaire completed at home (brought and returned by child in sealed envelope)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Perceived control
Our Classification
Remarks
Pearlin & Schooler (1978) Personal Mastery Scale.
Operationalization
Self report on 7 questions.
Rated: strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-a r = -.26 p < .0005 External control perceived O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-a r = +.27 p < .0005 Internal control perceived