Correlational findings

Study Godoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007

Exercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 205
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaires handed out in public and private health and fitness & sports clubs, gyms and centers and in public community places, and completed at the instant.


Authors's Label
Perceived contribution of health, well-being and quality of life
Our Classification
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness
Exercisers: M: 7,91   SD: 1,62,  
Non-exercisers: M: 7,42   SD: 2,19
Self-report in response to question: "Please, indicate the degree in which you think the following conditions contribute to your general happiness..."
. "health, well-being and quality of life"
(no influence)
10 (complete influence)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-g-sq-n-11-c r = +.36 p < .01 Exercisers only (N=94) M-FH-g-sq-n-11-c Beta = +.22 p < .00 Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution of:
- Personal strengths, skills and resources
- Self-confidence and self-assurance
- Family and family relationships
- Friendship and social relationships
- Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
- Power, status, and importance of yourself in society
- Money, wealth, and luxuries
- Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, etc.)
- Love, loving and being loved
- Partnership and sexuality
- Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
- Work and work relationships
- Goals, challenges and vital commitments
- The way you are or personality
- Sense of belonging
- Habits and lifestyles
- Self-image and self-esteem
- Personal autonomy and independence
- Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered