print

Correlational findings

Study Rose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003

Public:
18+aged general public, 15 EU member states and Turkey, 2003
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 26000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Urban area
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on single question
Would you consider the area in which you life to be...:
1. the open country side
2. a village/small town
3. a medium to large town
4. a city or city suburb

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b Beta = -.03 ns Turkey O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b Beta = -.01 p < .10 EU15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood