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Correlational findings

Study Rose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003

Public:
18+aged general public, 15 EU member states and Turkey, 2003
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 26000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Class tension
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on single question: In all countries there sometimes exists tension between social groups. In your opinion, how much tension is there between each of the following groups in Turkey?
a. Poor and rich people
b. Management and workers
c. Men and women
d. Old people and young people
e. Different racial and ehtnic group

3: a lot of tensioin
2: some tension
1: no tension

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b Beta = +.03 ns Turkey O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b Beta = +.05 p < .000 EU15: (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood