Correlational findings

Study Rose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003

18+aged general public, 15 EU member states and Turkey, 2003
N = 26000
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Destitute: rent, food, utilities
Our Classification
Self report on two questions:
A. Has your household been in arrears at any time during the last 12 months, that is, unable to pay as scheduled any of the following:
- rent or mortgage payments for acomodation?
- Utility bills, such as electricity, water, gas?
B. Has your household at any time during the past 12 months run out of money to pay for food?
Rating: 1=yes; 2=no

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b Beta = -.19 p < .000 Turkey O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b Beta = -.12 p < .000 EU15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood