Correlational findings

Study Wessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957

Female college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
N = 21
Non Response:
Mood diary kept 30 days.


Authors's label
Own sociability (vs withdrawal)
Our Classification
Repeated closed question on 'how so- cially outgoing or withdrawn you felt today', rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Immensely sociable and outgoing.
9. Highly outgoing, congenial and
8. Very sociable and involved in
7. Companionable. Ready to mix with
6. Fairly sociable. More or less ac-
5. Not particularly outgoing. Feel a
    little bit unsociable.
4. Retiring, would like to avoid
3. Feel detached and withdrawn. A
    great distance between myself and
2. Self-contained and solitary.
1. Completely withdrawn. Want no human

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Own Sociability vs Withdrawal Scale)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b r = + p < .05 The menas of the lowest, average and highest scores were correlated with the mean daily
average score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.56 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.78 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.51 (05)