Correlational findings

Study Wessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957

Female college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
N = 21
Non Response
Mood diary kept 30 days.


Authors's Label
Fulness vs emptinessof life
Our Classification
Repeated closed question on 'how emo- tionally satisfying, abundant or empty, your life felt today', rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Consumate fulfillment and abundance
9. Replete with life's abundant good-
8. Filled with warm feelings of con-
    tentment and satisfaction.
7. My life is ample and satisfying.
6. Life seems fairly adequate and re-
    latively satisfying.
5. Some slight sense of lack, vague
    and mildly troubling.
4. My life seems deficient, dissatis-
3. Life is pretty empty and barren.
2. Desolate, drained dry, impoverish-
1. Gnawing sense of emptiness, hollow-
    ness, void.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Fullness vs Emptiness of life Scale)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b r = + p < .05 The means of lowest, average and highest daily scores were correlated with the mean daily average score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.60 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.88 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.69 (05)