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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven & Kalmijn (2005): study ZZ 1990

Public:
Adults, general public, 90 nations, 1990s
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 90000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Corruption
Our Classification
Operationalization
Rating by foreign businessmen and journalist

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW---sq-t-11-a r = -.60 LEVEL OF HAPPINESS by Corruption in 71 nations
Level of happiness measured using average score in the country
O-SLW---sq-t-11-a r = +.65 INEQUALITY OF HAPPINESS by Corruption in 71 nations
Inequality of happiness measured using the standard-deviation of happiness
O-SLW---sq-t-11-a r = -.63 INEQUALITY-ADJUSTED HAPPINESS by Corruption in 71 nations
Inequality-adjusted happiness measured using index of mean and standard deviation as proposed by Kalmijn & Veenhoven 2005
O-SLW---sq-t-11-a rpc = -.14 rpc controlled for purchasing power per head