Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven & Kalmijn (2005): study ZZ 1990

Adults, general public, 90 nations, 1990s
N = 90000
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Rule of law
Our Classification
Source: Kaufman, D. et al., 2003 World Bank Policy Reserach Working Paper 3106
Aggregated survey of data on extent to which respondents have confidence in, and abide by, the rules of society; perceptions of the incidences of viollent and non-violent crime, the effectiveness and predictabikity of the judiciary and the enforceability of contracts.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-*-sq-t-11-a r = +.53 LEVEL OF HAPPINESS by Rule of law in 75 nations
Level of happiness measured using average score in the country
O-SLW-*-sq-t-11-a r = -.57 INEQUALITY OF HAPPINESS by Rule of law in 75 nations
Inequality of happiness measured using the standard-deviation of happiness
O-SLW-*-sq-t-11-a r = +.56 INEQUALITY-ADJUSTED HAPPINESS by Rule of law in 75 nations
Inequality-adjusted happiness measured using index of mean and standard deviation as proposed by Kalmijn & Veenhoven 2005
O-SLW-*-sq-t-11-a rpc = +.01 rpc controlled for purchasing power per head