print

Correlational findings

Study Napier & Jost (2008): study ZZ Western nations 1995

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 10 western nations, 1995-1998
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 9051
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Meritocratic beliefs
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on one question on endorsement of meritocracy
1: hard work doesn't generally bring success - it's more a matter of luck
.
.
10: in the long run, hard work usually brings a better life

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum---mq-*-10-a b = +.07 p < .001 B's controlled for:
- Nation level variables
- Socio-demographic variables
- Right wing-orientation
O-Sum---mq-*-10-a b = +.07 p < .001 B additionally controlled for:
- Meritocratic beliefs X development of the nation (measured with HDI)
O-Sum---mq-*-10-a = B mean point happiness (1-10) more or less per point (1-10) meritocratic beliefs