Correlational findings

Study Csikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998

Teenagers, USA, 199?
N = 828
Non Response
Experience sampling
minimal 15 observations in one week


Authors's Label
Flow conditions
Our Classification
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each beep they answered questions about: a: what activity they where doing on the moment b: whom they were with c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one of which happiness)
Two variabeles are used for assessing the activity's conditions for flow experiences:
1: the amount to which they found the current activity challenging (a 1-9 scale, where 1 is the lowest and 9 the highest value)
2: the student's level of skill in the activity (using the same 1-9 scheme)

A: flow: above the mean level of challenge and the mean level of skills
B: relaxation: above the mean of skills but below mean challenge
C: anxiety: high challenges and low skills
D: apathy: low challenges and low skills

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-a Beta = +.01 p < .001 time in flow condition A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-a Beta = +.01 p < .001 time in relaxation

Beta's controlled for
- age
- gender