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Correlational findings

Study Csikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998

Public:
Teenagers, USA, 199?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 828
Non Response:
Assessment:
Experience sampling
minimal 15 observations in one week

Correlate

Authors's Label
School-related activity
Our Classification
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each beep they answered questions about: a: what activity they where doing on the moment b: whom they were with c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one of which happiness)
Operationalization
% time doing school related activities when beeped

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-a Beta = Beta controlled for;
- age
- gender
- SES
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-a t. = +2.3 p < .024

Average (trait) happiness is higher among teenagers who study more, though happiness of the moment (state) yends to be lower while studying than during most other activities