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Correlational findings

Study Graham et al. (2004): study RU 1995

Public:
10+ aged, general public, Russia, 1995-2000
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5269
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Change in retirement
Our Classification
Operationalization
T1-T2 change in retirement status
a: became retired
b: came out of retirement
c: stayed retired

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-na = T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in retirement O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-na Beta = -.07 ns became retired O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-na Beta = +.26 ns came out of retirement O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-na Beta = -.07 ns stayed retired

Beta's controlled for change in:
- static variables
  - age
  - male
  - minority
- status variables
  - income
  - education level
  - educational participation
  - health (illness, hospital, problems)
  - health behavior (drinking, smoking)
  - marital status