Correlational findings

Study Gonzalez (2008): study ES 2005

Elderly, city Spain, 2005
N = 250
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Frequency of leisure activities
Our Classification
Grouped in eight categories: A: Social activities B: Masscommunication use C: Building knowledge D: Home activities and hobbies E: Creative activities F: Activities outside the home G: Community service activities H: Games
M = 99.05  SD = 18.62
Selfreport of frequency of participation in 28 activities. Ss checked using the following list
a: Going to concents, teatre, cinema, plays or musuems
b: Going to church
c: Visiting friends
d: Visiting relatives
e: Communicating by phone with friends
f: Communicating by phone with relatives
g: Going out with friends to have lunch, coffee, etc.
h: Going out with relatives to have lunch, coffee, etc.
i: Watching educational television
j: Watching entertainment television
k: Reading newspapers and magazines
l: Reading books
m: Listening to the radio
n: Home repair and maintenance
o: Looking after plants
p: Looking after pets
q: Taking care for a sick relative
r: Looking after kids
s: Attending a leisure group - playing with a musical group, a theatre group, going on trips-
t: Writing, painting, sculpture, playing a musical instrument
u: Listening to music
v: Doing physical exercise
w: To do unpaid work for others
x: Taking courses or lessons
y: Going shopping (not include buying food or things for the house)
z: Collaboration with an NGO
aa: To play solitary games and card  
ab: Board games with others

1: never
2: sometimes
3: once a month
4: several times a month
5: one a week
6: several times a week
7: every day

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-u-sq-v-7-a r = +.24 p < .01 A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-a r = +.22 p < .01