Correlational findings

Study Gonzalez (2008): study ES 2005

Elderly, city Spain, 2005
N =
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Self esteem
Our Classification
Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem scale
Range: 10-40, M = 33.97; SD = 3.97
Selfreport on 10 questions:
a: I feel that I am a person of worth
b: All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure
c: I feel that I have a number of good qualities
d: I am able to do things as well as other people
e: I feel I do have much to be proud of
f: I take a positive attitude to myself
g: On the whole, I am satisfied with myself
h: I wish i could have more respect for myself
i: I certainly feel useless at times
j: I think i am totally good

Rating: 1) strongly disagree..4) strongly agree

Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965)
Subjects´ self-esteem was assessed by 10 items (5 writes in a positive way and 5 writes in a negative way). Participants provided their ratings by using a 4-point scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 4 (strongly agree). Scores ranged from 10 (low self-esteem) to 40 (high self-esteem).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-u-sq-v-7-a r = +.45 p < .01 A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-a r = +.53 p < .01 A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-a r = +.53 p < .01