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Correlational findings

Study Gonzalez (2008): study ES 2005

Public:
Elderly, city Spain, 2005
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 250
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Optimism
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on five questions:
a: I am convinced that most of the things that happen to me are positive in the long run
b: Even when I find myself in a difficult situation, I am convinced that everything will turn out in the end.
c: Thoughts about my future give me good feelings
d: I am a person that has a positive view towards life
e: People describe me as a very optimistic person

Rating: 1: does not apply at all to 4: applies completely

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-u-sq-v-7-a r = +.53 p < .01 A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-a r = +.61 p < .01